FERDINAND'S SPRING from Mariánské Lázně

Ferdinandův pramen VI has been considered an exceptionally tasty and fresh spring of the spa town of Mariánské Lázně for a hundred years (member Great Spa Towns in Europe). It is a naturally slightly sparkling spring due to dissolved carbon dioxide and is weakly mineralized. Therefore, it is suitable for an all-day drinking regimen, supporting digestion and natural hydration of the body.
From the point of view of balneology, this is a natural, weakly mineralized spring of the chemical type HCO3, Cl, SO4 – Na, Ca, Mg with an increased content of silicic acid maintained by the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic as a yield from a natural medicinal source.

The spring is located directly on the colonnade Ferdinandův pramen. Here it was drilled and captured in 1922 as one of the springs of the expansion of the original system of Ferdinand springs.

Analysis
FERDINAND'S SPRING

The analysis of the "Ferdinand VI" well was carried out by RLPLZ Karlovy Vary
16. 9. 2019

Cations mg/l Anions mg/l
Na+ 52,3 HCO3- 138
Ca2+ 31,8 F- 0,08
Mg2+ 14,5 Cl- 51,3
Fe2+ <0,02 SO42- 59,1
Mn2+ 0,279 Br- 0,07
Li+ 0,102 I- 0,004
Non-dissociated components mg/l
H2SiO3 73,7
CO2 2 350
Total mineralization 436
pH at 10 °C 5,12
Osmotic pressure 23 kPa

Professional supervision of resource extraction www.aquaenviro.cz

The history of Ferdinand Spring

Centuries later, it was named "Ferdinand's" in honor of King Ferdinand I, who had the springs investigated for the first time. Taking the Ferdinand Spring has a centuries-old history, the key year for this particular spring is 1922, when a hydrogeologist Benno Winter carried out a complete overhaul of the sump and built several new wells. Their goal was to increase the yield of the source of gas-rich water for carbonic baths and for drinking cures on the colonnades. 

2022 – start of bottling in the new bottling plant

2022 – start of bottling in the new bottling plant

Centenary anniversary of the spring Ferdinand IV. After completing the production technologies and necessary preparations, the bottling of the natural medicinal source was started"Ferdinandův pramen IV.” under the name "Marianskolazaňský FERDINAND'S SPRING". The first phase involves bottling into 500 ml and 1500 ml PET bottles.

2017 – reconstruction of the bottling plant near the colonnade

2017 – reconstruction of the bottling plant near the colonnade

The goal of the project was the reconstruction of a brownfield in Mariánské Lázně in order to restore the operation of the traditional bottling plant of the spa springs. The project was divided into the reconstruction of an art nouveau building (the object of a former saltworks with subsequent use as an administrative background), and the reconstruction of the former production hall added to the saltworks building in the 50s. The project is important not only for the development of the BHMW company's production, but also for the city of Mariánské Lázně, as the dilapidated building degraded the entire location. The reconstruction was awarded the prize for the best business project of 20, supported by OP PIK funds.

1922 – capture of the spring Ferdinand IV

1922 – capture of the spring Ferdinand IV

In 1922–1926, new boreholes were drilled by Dr. Benno Winter. Other sources were captured: Ferdinand VII and VIII. The Ferdinand VI spring, which differs from the others in its very low concentration of solid components and mainly iron (only 2 mg per liter, while the others around 12 mg), gives ideal table mineral water due to the high content of absorbed CO2. All springs (except Ferdinand I and VI) are used to prepare carbonated baths. More info.

1913 – ocean liner “Marienbad”

1913 – ocean liner “Marienbad”

The ship Marienbad (Marianske Lazne in Czech) was an ocean liner named after the spa town of Marianske Lazne. She was 137,9 m long, 17,1 m wide and had a displacement of 8448 GRT. It was operated by Österreichische Lloyd. The interiors of the steamer were decorated with scenes from Mariánské Lázně, and the city's coat of arms was on the flag.

1904 – new equipment for pumping the Ferdinand spring

Abbot Helmer has a new pumping device added to Ferdinand's spring, greatly increasing the yield from the source.

1903 – Hygienic and balneological institute

As the first and only one in the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, the Municipal Institute of Hygiene and Balneology was established in Mariánské Lázně in 1903. Dr. Karl Zörkendörfer becomes the director.

1898 – railway to Karlovy Vary

The connection of Mariánské Lázně and Karlovy Vary greatly increased tourist traffic in both directions. The number of visitors exceeded 1898 per season in 20. Since 000, it has never dropped below 1907 visitors.

1890 – the construction of the municipal saltworks is completed

1890 – the construction of the municipal saltworks is completed

In 1891, the production of Glauber's salt was moved from the side part of the Ferdinand Spring colonnade to the newly built city saltworks. Chemist Ludwif Redtenbacher becomes its director.

1872 – railway and 10 spa guests

1872 – railway and 10 spa guests

The opening of the picturesque Pilsen-Cheb railway through Mariánské Lázně brought a sharp increase in visitors. Their number soon exceeded 10. The railway made spas accessible to the middle classes and brought about a massive expansion of trade. The connection of the scenic railway to Karlovy Vary through the wild valleys of the Slavkovský Forest took place later, in 000.

1871 – production of Glauber's salt on the colonnade of the Ferdinand spring

The evaporation of the Ferdinand spring to obtain Glauber's salt was moved to the side of the colonnade of the Ferdinand spring. A tall brick chimney was added to the building. Pumping of the Ferdinand spring to the spa houses was started.

1869 – successful introduction of the spring to the colonnade

1869 – successful introduction of the spring to the colonnade

In the years 1850-1860, attempts were made to bring water from this spring to the colonnade and to the Karolina spring pavilion, but the height difference of 43 meters was great. This was only achieved in 1869 due to the influence of Abbot Max Libsch, elected in 1867.

1866 – the Ferdinand spring protection zone

The war year 1866 brought the ceremonial declaration of Mariánské Lázně as a city with its own coat of arms. The city was ordered to take care of the army. In December of the same year, the governorship declared a protection zone around the spa springs. The colonnade of Ferdinand's Spring was transferred to the administration of the municipality of Úšovice.

1860 – start of salt extraction from the Ferdinand spring

In one of the buildings of Staré Lázně, the production of spring salt from Ferdinand's Spring began. The composition was primarily Glauber's salt.

1830 – Bílin balneologists in Mariánské Lázně

1830 – Bílin balneologists in Mariánské Lázně

Due to the extraordinary public interest in the healing springs and the rapid construction in Mariánské Lázně, the Prague government asked the Bílina balneologist Reuss and Steinmann for a detailed physical, chemical and medical analysis of the springs.

1826 – construction of the colonnade Ferdinandův pramen

1826 – construction of the colonnade Ferdinandův pramen

Abbot Reitenberger had a classicist colonnade built above the spring in 1826 instead of the old wooden shed. Today, this colonnade is a beautiful architectural monument that gently blends into the environment of the spa parks.

1821 – Prof. JJ Steinmann investigates Ferdinandův pramen

Professor Josef Jan Steinmann publishes the result of his investigation in the book "Physically chemical investigation of Ferdinand's Spring in Mariánské Lázně" with an addendum about its healing powers by JV Krombholz.

1818 – announcement of the opening of the spa

1818 – announcement of the opening of the spa

Count Filip František Kolovrat, governor of the Kingdom of Bohemia, decides on November 6, 1818 to declare Mariánské Lázně an open spa. In this year, a pillared hall above the Křížová pramen is also built.

1817 – Prince Lobkowicz recommends gardener V. Skalník

1817 – Prince Lobkowicz recommends gardener V. Skalník

In 1817, Prince Anton Isidor Lobkowicz was treated in Mariánské Lázně. He recommended the professional gardener Václav Skalník for the further development of the spa and parks, among whose first works was the improvement of the spa park at Lobkowiczská Bílinská kyselka. Skalník then breathed in Mariánské Lázní its unique atmosphere, important for the entire healing effect of the place. JW Goethe also appreciated and popularized his work. Václav Skalník then became the mayor of Mariánské Lázně for 19 years.

1788 – Name "Marianske Lázně"

In the descriptions of the Kingdom of Bohemia by Jaroslav Schaller, the name MARIENBAD (Marianske Lazne) appears for the first time. The name of the spa is derived from the third local spring, the so-called "Mariánské". It got its name from the image of the Virgin Mary attached to a tree in front of the spring. The name "Marienbad" originally bore a small log building with four bathrooms. This name became the official name of the settlement later, in 1808.

1679 - Acidulae Auschowitzens

The Czech chronicler Bohuslav Balbín in his work "Miscellanea historice regni Bohemica" publishes a report on the Úšovice kyselky.

1609 – the first medical prescription

Tepelsky abbot Andreas Ebersbach is trying to use the springs for healing. He summons the city's dyzikjus Horní Slavkov, Dr. Michael Raudenia. Raudenius researched acids and in 1609 prescribed the first spa treatment. The patient was Jáchym Libštejnský, a free man from Kolovrat.

1528 – King Ferdinand I has the spring investigated

1528 – King Ferdinand I has the spring investigated

On April 28, 1528, a letter from King Ferdinand I to Tepelsky abbot Anton, recommending sending samples of the found spring to Prague, is dated. The intention was to prove whether the spring could be a source of common salt (NaCl), which was in short supply in the Kingdom of Bohemia.

Discovery of the spring

Like the other colonnades in Mariánské Lázně, this one was created at the instigation of the abbot of the monastery in Teplá in 1827.